Internet Archive of Texts and Documents
A creation of faculty and students in the History Department of Hanover College, The Internet Archive of Texts and Documents makes public domain primary texts and secondary sources on the internet available to students and faculty for use in history and humanity classes. Reformation topics include: Lutheran Reformations, Reformed Reformations, Radical Reformations, English Reformation, Scottish Reformation, Secondary Sources, Resources. Site was last updated July 1, 2000 so links are not actively maintained.
After Luther refused to recant at the Diet of Worms in 1521, ordinary people in many German towns called for "preaching the pure Gospel ." They enjoyed support from committed members of the local elites — often younger men with humanist educations. Through the 1520s, many German cities edged cautiously toward open rejection of Rome , and by 1530, a substantial majority had joined the Lutheran or Zwinglian "Reformation in the cities." It is striking how radically new converts during these years rejected practices such as the veneration of images, in which they had often participated right up to the introduction of evangelical ideas. Adopting the Reformation brought about sharp changes in daily ritual that everyone could see.
Many scholars say the Renaissance began in earnest with the invention of the printing press. The printing press made books available. If you wanted to read them, you had to learn how to read. The new interest in literature began to include art and music. Then came an interest in science and exploration. All over Europe, people became fascinated with new discoveries, new inventions, new works of art and ways of thinking about things. Some of the famous people who lived during the Renaissance include William Shakespeare, Christopher Columbus, Vasco da Gama, Copernicus, Michaelangelo, and Leonardo da Vinci!