Biographical encyclopedia

There are, of course, rivals on the shelves, but none of them seems to match the Biographical Encyclopedia of Scientists in its breadth of learning and in so many specific ways, too. You have a splendid pair of tomes, which can be used not only as a biographical retrieval tool but also as a resource through which to trace the great schools of scientific exploration, the ebb and flow of revolution and ‘normal science’, and the personalia and geography of science today. The editors have made a major contribution to the scientific enterprise by creating an encyclopedia of this sort. Peer review is at the heart of science, and it is at the heart of this outstanding piece of work, too.
—Bernard Dixon, Medical Science Research 

… this is a very major work … it is very warmly recommended and most definitely belongs in any scientific or major reference collection.
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The two volumes are well produced, crammed full of useful facts, and should prove helpful in promoting a knowledge of the history of science.
—Robert Hanbury Brown, Physics World

Rand’s ethic of self-interest is integral to her advocacy of classical liberalism. Classical liberalism, more often called “libertarianism” in the twentieth century, is the view that individuals should be free to pursue their own interests. This implies, politically, that governments should be limited to protecting each individual’s freedom to do so. In other words, the moral legitimacy of self-interest implies that individuals have rights to their lives, their liberties, their property, and the pursuit of their own happiness, and that the purpose of government is to protect those rights. Economically, leaving individuals free to pursue their own interests implies in turn that only a capitalist or free market economic system is moral: Free individuals will use their time, money, and other property as they see fit, and will interact and trade voluntarily with others to mutual advantage.

Missionary priest , born at Tremeloo, Belgium , 3 January 1840; died at Molokai , Hawaii , 15 April 1889. His father, a small farmer, sent him to a college at Braine-le-Comte , to prepare for a commercial profession; but as a result of a mission given by the Redemptorists in 1858, Joseph decided to become a religious . He entered the novitiate of the Fathers of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and Mary at Louvain , and took in religion the name of Damien. He was admitted to the religious profession , 7 Oct. 1860. Three years later, though still in minor orders , he was sent to the mission of the Hawaiian Islands , where he arrived, 19 March, 1864. Ordained priest at Honolulu 24 May of the same year, he was later given charge of various districts on the island of Hawaii, and, animated with a burning zeal , his robust constitution allowed him to give full play to the impulses of his heart. He was not only the missionary of the natives , but also constructed several chapels with his own hands, both in Hawaii and in Molokai . On the latter island there had grown up a leper settlement where the Government kept segregated all persons afflicted with the loathsome disease. The board of health supplied the unfortunates with food and clothing, but was unable in the beginning to provide them with either resident physicians or nurses. On 10 May, 1873, Father Damien, at his own request and with the sanction of his bishop , arrived at the settlement as its resident priest . There were then 600 lepers . "As long as the lepers can care for themselves", wrote the superintendent of the board of health to Bishop Maigret , "they are comparatively comfortable, but as soon as the dreadful disease renders them helpless, it would seem that even demons themselves would pity their condition and hasten their death." For a long time, however, Father Damien was the only one to bring them the succour they so greatly needed. He not only administered the consolations of religion , but also rendered them such little medical service and bodily comforts as were within his power. He dressed their ulcers, helped them erect their cottages, and went so far as to dig their graves and make their coffins. After twelve years of this heroic service he discovered in himself the first symptoms of the disease. This was in 1885. He nevertheless continued his charitable ministrations, being assisted at this period by two other priests and two lay brothers . On 28 March, 1889, Father Damien became helpless and passed away shortly after, closing his fifteenth year in the service of the lepers . Certain utterances concerning his morality called forth Robert Louis Stevenson's well-known philippic against the Rev. Dr. Hyde, wherein the memory of the Apostle of the Lepers is brilliantly vindicated. In addition a correspondence in the "Pacific Commercial Advertiser ", 20 June, 1905, completely removes from the character of Father Damien every vestige of suspicion, proving beyond a doubt that Dr. Hyde's insinuations rested merely on misunderstandings.
Comments About this page APA citation. Boeynaems, L. (1908). Father Damien (Joseph de Veuster). In The Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. http:///cathen/

Biographical encyclopedia

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